FOSS Human Body Module Glossary

Science is a rich content area for developing language concepts and vocabulary. While conducting FOSS investigations, students are involved in observing properties, comparing and organizing their observations, and identifying relationships from their observations. In order to effectively communicate the results of their investigations, it is important to use concise and appropriate vocabulary. Students need to develop a sound vocabulary that will serve them in science and life.

Informal descriptive language and precise scientific vocabulary is best developed after direct concrete experience. As students conduct the investigations in the FOSS Human Body Module, vocabulary is introduced naturally after students have had an experience to which to connect the new words.

Some of the vocabulary is introduced and reviewed with students in the Wrapping Up section of the investigation folio in the Teacher Guide. These are listed below and identified with the abbreviation TG. Additional words are introduced and included FOSS Science Stories glossary. These words are identified with the abbreviation SS.

Click here to get the Spanish version of this glossary.

Spanish Glossary

Click either of the links below for the list of terms and their definitions.

Teacher Guide Glossary Terms (TG) Science Stories Glossary Terms (SS)

Printable pdf versions are also available. To view or print these files you must have a pdf viewer such as Adobe Acrobat. Acrobat is free and can be downloaded at http://www.adobe.com.

Human Body Module Glossary Terms (pdf)

Human Body Module Glossary (pdf)

Human Body Module Glossary Terms (pdf) (Spanish Version)

Human Body Module Glossary (pdf) (Spanish Version)

In the course of the investigations, students are encouraged to learn and use the following vocabulary:


Human Body Glossary Terms

Teacher Guide Terms

Investigation 1: Bones
Bones
Cartilage
Joint
Skeleton
Skull
Torso
Investigation 2: Joints
Articulated
Ball-and-socket joint
Compensate
Gliding joint
Hinge joint
Immobilize
Opposable thumb
Investigation 3: Muscles
Contract
Ligament
Tendon
Tissue
Muscle
Investigation 4: Coordination
Coordination
Response
Response time
Stimulus
Science Stories Terms

Investigation 1: Bones
Bones Skull
Cartilage Suture
Contract Tendon
Fracture Tissue
Joint
Ligament
Muscle
Skeleton
Investigation 2: Joints
Ball-and-socket joint
Exoskeleton
Gliding joint
Hinge joint
Investigation 3: Muscles
no new terms
Investigation 4: Coordination
Organ
Human Body Glossary Definitions

Articulated
Jointed or joined in sections, as in the human skeleton. (TG)

Ball-and-socket joint
A place where the rounded end of one bone fits into the cup of another bone. Ball-and-socket joints allow movement in two directions, in addition to rotation. (SS, TG)

Bones
The individual parts of the skeleton. (SS, TG)

Cartilage
The smooth, flexible material that connects some bones and provides shape for some body parts. (TG, SS)

Compensate
To do something another way. (TG)

Contract
To become smaller or shorter in length. (TG, SS)

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Coordination
When all parts work together to complete a task. (TG)

Exoskeleton
Any hard outer covering that protects or supports the body of an animal. (SS)

Fracture
A break in something, especially a bone. (SS)

Gliding joint
A place where two bones meet, allowing limited movement in two directions. (TG, SS)

Hinge joint
A place where two bones meet, allowing movement in one direction. (TG, SS)

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Immobilize
To prevent something from moving. (TG)

Joint
A place where two bones come together. (SS, TG)

Ligament
Tissue that connects bone to bone. Ligaments often guide the direction of tendons, especially in the wrist and hand. (SS, TG)

Muscle
Tissue that can contract, producing movement. (TG, SS)

Opposable thumb
A thumb positioned opposite the other fingers. (TG)

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Organ
A structure of the body that performs a particular function. (SS)

Response
A reaction of a living thing to a stimulus. (TG)

Response time
The length of time it takes for a person to respond to a stimulus. (TG)

Skeleton
The hard inner framework of bones inside an animal that provides shape, support, and protection. (SS, TG)

Skull
The hollow case of the head made up of fused flat bones and moveable jaw bones. The skull surrounds and protects the brain, inner ears, and eyes. (TG, SS)

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Stimulus
Something that triggers (starts) a response. A stimulus is often information received through the senses. (TG)

Suture
The joint or line formed by the closure of two skull bones. (SS)

Tendon
Ropelike tissue that connects muscle to bone. (TG, SS)

Tissue
Any of a number of different kinds of materials that make up the body, such as muscle, tendon, ligament, and bone. (SS, TG)

Torso
The main part of the body, including shoulders, chest, abdomen, and hips. (TG)

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